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0TYRO3_HUMAN*   SwissProt (?) | Description Local Annotation Link Reference
General Information
NameTYRO3
DescriptionTyrosine-protein kinase receptor tyro3 precursor (ec 2.7.1.112) (tyrosine-protein kinase rse) (tyrosine-protein kinase sky) (tyrosine- protein kinase dtk) (protein-tyrosine kinase byk).
SpeciesHomo sapiens (NCBI taxonomy ID: 9606)
GO0005887 integral to plasma membrane (TAS)
0004716 receptor signaling protein tyrosine kinase ... (TAS)
0004714 transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kin... (TAS)
0007155 cell adhesion (TAS)
0007165 signal transduction (TAS)

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schematic display of those terms with internal associations, click the node and browse the corresponding GO term
Domain Architecture (Details)
InterPro domains unassigned to SynO:
Protein kinases comprise a large family of enzymes that mediate the response of eukaryotic cells to external stimuli by phosphorylation of hydroxyamino acids. The enzymes fall into two broad classes.haracterised with respect to substrate specificity: serine/threonine specific and tyrosine specific . Tyrosine phosphorylating activity was originally detected in two viral transforming proteins .ut many retroviral transforming proteins and their cellular counterparts have since been shown to possess such activity. The growth factor receptors.hich are activated by ligand binding.nd theinsulin-related peptide receptor.re also family members.
  IPR001245:Tyrosine protein kinase
The basic structure of immunoglobulin (Ig) molecules is a tetramer of two light chains and two heavy chains linked by disulfide bonds. There are two types of light chains: kappa and lambda.ach composed of a constant domain (CL) and a variable domain (VL). There are five types of heavy chains: alpha.elta.psilon.amma and mu.ll consisting of a variable domain (VH) and three (in alpha.elta and gamma) or four (in epsilon and mu) constant domains (CH1 to CH4). Ig molecules are highly modular proteins.n which the variable and constant domains have clear.onserved sequence patterns. The domains in Ig and Ig-like molecules are grouped into four types: V-set (variable; ).1-set (constant-1; ).2-set (constant-2; ) and I-set (intermediate; ) . Structural studies have shown that these domains share a common core Greek-key beta-sandwich structure.ith the types differing in the number of strands in the beta-sheets as well as in their sequence patterns .Immunoglobulin-like domains that are related in both sequence and structure can be found in several diverse protein families. Ig-like domains are involved in a variety of functions.ncluding cell-cell recognition.ell-surface receptors.uscle structure and the immune system . This entry represents a subtype of the immunoglobulin domain.nd is found in a diverse range of protein families that includes glycoproteins.ibroblast growth factor receptors.ascular endothelial growth factor receptors.nterleukin-6 receptor.nd neural cell adhesion molecules. It also includes proteins that are classified as unassigned proteinase inhibitors belonging to MEROPS inhibitor families I2.17 and I43 .
  IPR003598:Immunoglobulin subtype 2
This entry is for immunoglobulin-like domains. Studies indicate that the interactions essential for defining the structure of these beta sandwich proteins are also important in nucleation of folding.nd that proteins containing this fold may share similar folding pathways even though the proteins may have low sequence homology. The fold consists of a beta-sandwich formed of 7 strands in 2 sheets with a Greek-key topology. Some members of the fold have additional strands. The Pfam alignments do not include the first and last strand of the immunoglobulin-like domain.
  IPR013151:Immunoglobulin
Fibronectins are multi-domain glycoproteins found in a soluble form in plasma.nd in an insoluble form in loose connective tissue and basement membranes . They contain multiple copies of 3 repeat regions (types I.I and III).hich bind to a variety of substances including heparin.ollagen.NA.ctin.ibrin and fibronectin receptors on cell surfaces. The wide variety of these substances means that fibronectins are involved in a number of important functions: e.g..ound healing; cell adhesion; blood coagulation; cell differentiation and migration; maintenance of the cellular cytoskeleton; and tumour metastasis . The role of fibronectin in cell differentiation is demonstrated by the marked reduction in the expression of its gene when neoplastic transformation occurs. Cell attachment has been found to be mediated by the binding of the tetrapeptide RGDS to integrins on the cell surface .lthough related sequences can also display cell adhesion activity.Plasma fibronectin occurs as a dimer of 2 different subunits.inked together by 2 disulphide bonds near the C-terminus. The difference in the 2 chains occurs in the type III repeat region and is caused by alternative splicing of the mRNA from one gene . The observation that.n a given protein.n individual repeat of one of the 3 types (e.g..he first FnIII repeat) shows much less similarity to its subsequent tandem repeats within that protein than to its equivalent repeat between fibronectins from other species.as suggested that the repeating structure of fibronectin arose at an early stage of evolution. It also seems to suggest that the structure is subject to high selective pressure .The fibronectin type III repeat region is an approximately 100 amino acid domain.ifferent tandem repeats of which contain binding sites for DNA.eparin and the cell surface . The superfamily of sequences believed to contain FnIII repeats represents 45 different families.he majority of which are involved in cell surface binding in some manner.r are receptor protein tyrosine kinases.r cytokine receptors.
  IPR003961:Fibronectin, type III
The basic structure of immunoglobulin (Ig) molecules is a tetramer of two light chains and two heavy chains linked by disulfide bonds. There are two types of light chains: kappa and lambda.ach composed of a constant domain (CL) and a variable domain (VL). There are five types of heavy chains: alpha.elta.psilon.amma and mu.ll consisting of a variable domain (VH) and three (in alpha.elta and gamma) or four (in epsilon and mu) constant domains (CH1 to CH4). Ig molecules are highly modular proteins.n which the variable and constant domains have clear.onserved sequence patterns. The domains in Ig and Ig-like molecules are grouped into four types: V-set (variable; ).1-set (constant-1; ).2-set (constant-2; ) and I-set (intermediate; ) . Structural studies have shown that these domains share a common core Greek-key beta-sandwich structure.ith the types differing in the number of strands in the beta-sheets as well as in their sequence patterns .Immunoglobulin-like domains that are related in both sequence and structure can be found in several diverse protein families. Ig-like domains are involved in a variety of functions.ncluding cell-cell recognition.ell-surface receptors.uscle structure and the immune system . This subfamily includes:Cell surface receptors containing an immunoglobin domain.Killer cell inhibitory receptors.Oprin a snake venom metalloproteinase inhibitor from Didelphis marsupialis (Southern opossum) .hich belongs to MEROPS inhibitor family I43.lan I- .Oprin homologues.
  IPR003599:Immunoglobulin subtype
Eukaryotic protein kinases are enzymesthat belong to a very extensive family of proteins which share a conserved catalytic core common withboth serine/threonine and tyrosine protein kinases. There are a number of conserved regions in thecatalytic domain of protein kinases. In the N-terminal extremity of the catalytic domain there is aglycine-rich stretch of residues in the vicinity of a lysine residue.hich has been shown to be involvedin ATP binding. In the central part of the catalytic domain there is a conserved aspartic acid residuewhich is important for the catalytic activity of the enzyme . This entry includes protein kinases from eukaryotes and viruses and may include some bacterial hits too.
  IPR000719:Protein kinase
Fibronectin is composed of three repeating structural motifs.f which one is the FnIII module. The three modules form a linear sequence of multiple tandem copies connected by short linker peptides. The secondary structure of the FnIII10 module.hich is the only fibronectin module to possess an integrin binding RGD motif.onsists of two beta-sheets containing the antiparallel beta-strands ABE and DCFG.espectively.hich fold up to form a beta-sandwich. The RGD sequence is located in the loop connecting the beta-strands .The SSF signature in this entry is currently under review. Please be aware that some of the protein hits may be false positives.
  IPR008957:Fibronectin, type III-like fold
Protein kinases () catalyze the phosphotransfer reaction fundamental to most signalling and regulatory processes in the eukaryotic cell . The catalytic subunit contains a core that is common to both serine/threonine and tyrosine protein kinases. The catalytic domain contains the nucleotide-binding site and the catalytic apparatus in an inter-lobe cleft. Structurally it shares functional and structural similarities with the ATP-grasp fold.hich is found in enzymes that catalyse the formation of an amide bond.nd with PIPK (phosphoinositol phosphate kinase). The three-dimensional fold of the protein kinase catalytic domain is similar to domains found in several other proteins. These include the catalytic domain of actin-fragmin kinase.n atypical protein kinase that regulates the F-actin capping activity in plasmodia ; the catalytic domain of phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K).hich phosphorylates phosphoinositides and as such is involved in a number of fundamental cellular processes such as apoptosis.roliferation.otility and adhesion ; the catalytic domain of the MHCK/EF2 kinase.n atypical protein kinase that includes the TRP (transient channel potential) calcium-channel kinase involved in the modulation of calcium channels in eukaryotic cells in response to external signals ; choline kinase.hich catalyses the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of choline during the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine ; and 3.-aminoglycoside phosphotransferase type IIIa. bacterial enzyme that confers resistance to a range of aminoglycoside antibiotics .
  IPR011009:Protein kinase-like
This entry represents domains with an immunoglobulin-like (Ig-like) fold.hich consists of a beta-sandwich of seven or more strands in two sheets with a Greek-key topology. Ig-like domains are one of the most common protein modules found in animals.ccurring in a variety of different proteins. These domains are often involved in interactions.ommonly with other Ig-like domains via their beta-sheets . Domains within this fold-family share the same structure.ut can diverge with respect to their sequence. Based on sequence.g-like domains can be classified as V-set domains (antibody variable domain-like).1-set domains (antibody constant domain-like).2-set domains.nd I-set domains (antibody intermediate domain-like). Proteins can contain more than one of these types of Ig-like domains. For example.n the human T-cell receptor antigen CD2.omain 1 (D1) is a V-set domain.hile domain 2 (D2) is a C2-set domain.oth domains having the same Ig-like fold .Domains with an Ig-like fold can be found in many.iverse proteins in addition to immunoglobulin molecules. For example.g-like domains occur in several different types of receptors (such as various T-cell antigen receptors).everal cell adhesion molecules.HC class I and II antigens.s well as the hemolymph protein hemolin.nd the muscle proteins titin.elokin and twitchin.
  IPR013783:Immunoglobulin-like fold
IPR001245:Pkinase_Tyr 
Evalue:-141.88606262207 
Location:518-786IPR003598:IGc2 
Evalue:-14.1549019599857 
Location:55-124IPR003961:fn3 
Evalue:-9.29242992401123 
Location:225-310IPR003961:fn3 
Evalue:-6.85387182235718 
Location:322-406IPR003599:IG 
Evalue:-3.67778070526608 
Location:145-222
SequencesProtein: TYRO3_HUMAN (890 aa)
mRNA: NM_006293
Local Annotation
Synapse Ontology
transport of vesicles in the presynaptic neuron
sdb:0017 Mobilization: synapsins, CAM kinase I  (Evidence:keywords)
the plasma membrane of the postsynaptic neuron. It apposes with presynaptic actiove zone.
sdb:0108 postsynaptic plasma membrane  (Evidence:keywords)
KO assignmentK05116
  Level 3 annotation:
    TYRO3 protein tyrosine kinase 3
  Level 2 annotation:
    Cytokine receptors
Loci Structure (Details)Loci index, Chromosomal location, Length, Possible relational loci clusterExon1: 117 residues, 39638523-39638871Exon2: 63 residues, 39640616-39640800Exon3: 35 residues, 39641028-39641129Exon4: 59 residues, 39642037-39642208Exon5: 31 residues, 39643673-39643760Exon6: 40 residues, 39644515-39644631Exon7: 61 residues, 39646849-39647027Exon8: 50 residues, 39647706-39647852Exon9: 50 residues, 39648367-39648512Exon10: 45 residues, 39649516-39649646Exon11: 35 residues, 39649729-39649830Exon12: 34 residues, 39650093-39650189Exon13: 29 residues, 39650527-39650608Exon14: 33 residues, 39651084-39651177Exon15: 42 residues, 39651932-39652054Exon16: 38 residues, 39652491-39652601Exon17: 55 residues, 39652797-39652957Exon18: 47 residues, 39653168-39653305Exon19: 483 residues, 39657375-39658818Exon20: 2 residues, -Jump to TYRO3_HUMANExon1: 669 residues, 39656824-39658828Exon2: 2 residues, -Jump to Q6ZN35_HUMAN  
Tune and view alternative isoforms
Loci Cluster (Details)Loci: 2879 39907605-39927630 ~-20K 12149(+)Loci: 4164 39927636-39973567 ~-46K 12151(SPTBN5)(-)Loci: 4165 40238191-40287794 ~-50K 12159(VPS39)(-)Loci: 2880 40438989-40491807 ~-53K 12167(CAPN3)(+)Loci: 2881 40575126-40612548 ~-37K 12175(SNAP23)(+)Loci: 2882 40655148-40752587 ~-97K 12179(+)Loci: 2878 39638523-39658828 ~-20K 12142(TYRO3)(+)Link out to UCSC