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0SYT12_HUMAN*   SwissProt (?) | Description Local Annotation Link Reference
General Information
NameSYT12
DescriptionSynaptotagmin-12 (synaptotagmin xii) (sytxii).
SpeciesHomo sapiens (NCBI taxonomy ID: 9606)
GON/A
Domain Architecture (Details)
InterPro domains assigned to SynO:
Synaptotagmins are synaptic vesicle membrane proteins found in abundance in nerve cells and some endocrine cells . The amino acid sequence of synaptotagmin comprises a single transmembrane region with a short vesicular N-terminal region.nd a cytoplasmic C-terminal region containing 2 internal repeats similar to the C2 regulatory domain of protein kinase C. The protein is believed to be important in the docking and fusion of synaptic vesicles with the plasma membrane..e. with neurotransmitter release .The 2 synaptotagmin C2 domains have been shown to have different functions: C2A binds phospholipid in a calcium-dependent manner.hile C2B binds inositol polyphosphate and phospholipid irrespective of the presence of Ca2+ . The structure of C2 domains in synaptotagmin I has been deduced: the C2 polypeptide forms an 8-stranded beta-sandwich constructed around a conserved 4-stranded motif.esignated a C2 key . The calcium binding region is a cup-shaped depression formed by the N- and C-terminal loops of the C2-key motif.hile the site of phospholipid interaction is thought to be a polybasic sequence on the hairpin loop connecting strands 3 and 4 .
  IPR001565:Synaptotagmin
InterPro domains unassigned to SynO:
The C2 domain is a Ca2+-dependent membrane-targeting module found in many cellular proteins involved in signal transduction or membrane trafficking. C2 domains are unique among membrane targeting domains in that they show wide range of lipid selectivity for the major components of cell membranes.ncluding phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylcholine. This C2 domain is about 116 amino-acid residues and is located between the two copies ofthe C1 domain in Protein Kinase C (that bind phorbol esters and diacylglycerol) (see )and the protein kinase catalytic domain (see ). Regions withsignificant homology to the C2-domain have been found in many proteins.The C2 domain is thought to be involved in calcium-dependent phospholipidbinding and in membrane targetting processes such as subcellular localisation. The 3D structure of theC2 domain of synaptotagmin has been reported.he domain forms an eight-stranded beta sandwich constructed around a conserved 4-stranded motif.esignated a C2 key . Calcium binds ina cup-shaped depression formed by the N- and C-terminal loops of theC2-key motif. Structural analyses of several C2 domains have shown them to consist of similar ternary structures in which three Ca2+-binding loops are located at the end of an 8 stranded antiparallel beta sandwich.
  IPR000008:C2 calcium-dependent membrane targeting
The Ca2+-dependent.ipid-binding domain (CaLB) has been identified in a number of proteins.or example the amino-terminal.38 amino acid C2 domain of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2-C2) which mediates an initial step in the production of lipid mediators of inflammation: the Ca2+-dependent translocation of the enzyme to intracellular membranes with subsequent liberation of arachidonic acid. The domain is composed of eight antiparallel beta-strands with six interconnecting loops that fits the "type II" topology for C2 domains. The structure has been identified as a beta-sandwich in the "Greek key" motif .The SSF signature in this entry is currently under review. Please be aware that some of the protein hits may be false positives.
  IPR008973:C2 calcium/lipid-binding region, CaLB
IPR000008:C2 
Evalue:-26.4559326171875 
Location:300-388IPR000008:C2 
Evalue:-9.92081832885742 
Location:169-255
SequencesProtein: SYT12_HUMAN (421 aa)
mRNA: NM_177963
Local Annotation
Synapse Ontology
proteins that help to traffick the vesicle, such as synaptobrevin/Vamp, synaptotagmin, Rab3-rabphilin complex.
sdb:0097 vesicle trafficking protein  (Evidence:keywords,domains)
Various stages of the synaptic vesicle cycle, including attachment, prefusion, triggering, recycling and reloading of the vesicles with transmitter.
sdb:0098 synaptic vesicle cycling  (Evidence:keywords,domains)
KO assignmentNot mapped to KEGG
Loci Structure (Details)Loci index, Chromosomal location, Length, Possible relational loci clusterExon1: 14 residues, 66547466-66547507Exon2: 21 residues, 66554168-66554225Exon3: 66 residues, 66558691-66558885Exon4: 133 residues, 66563857-66564250Exon5: 74 residues, 66567684-66567900Exon6: 42 residues, 66568639-66568760Exon7: 46 residues, 66569790-66569924Exon8: 760 residues, 66572630-66574905Exon9: 2 residues, -Jump to SYT12_HUMAN  
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Loci Cluster (Details)Loci: 2672 63498654-63500590 ~-2K 6992(COX8A)(+)Loci: 2673 63758841-63762834 ~-4K 7008(VEGFB)(+)Loci: 2674 63775570-63791969 ~-16K 7011(PLCB3)(+)Loci: 2675 63883200-63896262 ~-13K 7031(RPS6KA4)(+)Loci: 3958 64130223-64247236 ~-117K 7042(NRXN2)(-)Loci: 3959 64376783-64402767 ~-26K 7059(EHD1)(-)Loci: 2676 64551485-64564618 ~-13K 7071(SNX15)(+)Loci: 2677 64635935-64640274 ~-4K 7081(TM7SF2)(+)Loci: 2678 64705918-64736052 ~-30K 7088(CAPN1)(+)Loci: 2679 65049159-65062750 ~-14K 7102(+)Loci: 3960 65121802-65138296 ~-16K 7115(MAP3K11)(-)Loci: 3961 65407787-65412586 ~-5K 7136(FIBP)(-)Loci: 3962 65416267-65424573 ~-8K 7139(FOSL1)(-)Loci: 2680 65594399-65768789 ~-174K 7153(PACS1)(+)Loci: 2681 65792680-65801537 ~-9K 7155(RAB1B)(+)Loci: 2682 65815916-65820707 ~-5K 7159(+)Loci: 3963 65856117-65860576 ~-4K 7162(RIN1)(-)Loci: 2683 66140672-66151387 ~-11K 7189(RBM14)(+)Loci: 2684 66162753-66170514 ~-8K 7192(RBM4)(+)Loci: 3964 66209298-66245446 ~-36K 7194(SPTBN2)(-)Loci: 3965 66372572-66478456 ~-106K 7198(PC)(-)Loci: 2685 66547466-66574905 ~-27K 7200(SYT12)(+)Loci: 2686 66580896-66596059 ~-15K 7201(RHOD)(+)Loci: 3966 66922227-66925952 ~-4K 7219(PPP1CA)(-)Loci: 2687 66979393-66983261 ~-4K 7229(CABP4)(+)Loci: 2688 67130982-67136581 ~-6K 7239(NDUFV1)(+)Loci: 2689 67554684-67560690 ~-6K 7248(NDUFS8)(+)Loci: 2690 67836710-67973317 ~-137K 7259(LRP5)(+)Loci: 2671 63412650-63433621 ~-21K 6988(MARK2)(+)Link out to UCSC