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0ACHA_HUMAN*   SwissProt (?) | Description Local Annotation Link Reference
General Information
NameCHRNA1
DescriptionAcetylcholine receptor protein, alpha subunit precursor.
SpeciesHomo sapiens (NCBI taxonomy ID: 9606)
GO0005892 nicotinic acetylcholine-gated receptor-chan... (TAS)
0015464 acetylcholine receptor activity (TAS)
0005216 ion channel activity (TAS)
0004889 nicotinic acetylcholine-activated cation-se... (TAS)
0006936 muscle contraction (TAS)
0007165 signal transduction (TAS)
0006810 transport (TAS)

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schematic display of those terms with internal associations, click the node and browse the corresponding GO term
Domain Architecture (Details)
InterPro domains assigned to SynO:
Neurotransmitter ligand-gated ion channels are transmembrane receptor-ion channel complexes that open transiently upon binding of specific ligands.llowing rapid transmission of signals at chemical synapses .Of the five families known.our have been shown to form a sequence-related superfamily. These are the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA-A).icotinic acetylcholine.lycine and the serotonin 5HT3 receptors. The ionotropic glutamate receptors () have a distinct primary structure.However.ll these receptors possess a pentameric structure (made up of varying subunits).urrounding a central pore. Each of these subunits contains a large extracellular N-terminal ligand-binding region; 3 hydrophobic transmembrane domains; a large intracellular region; and a fourth hydrophobic domain .This domain represents four transmembrane helices of a variety of neurotransmitter-gated ion-channels.
  IPR006029:Neurotransmitter-gated ion-channel transmembrane region
Neurotransmitter ligand-gated ion channels are transmembrane receptor-ion channel complexes that open transiently upon binding of specific ligands.llowing rapid transmission of signals at chemical synapses .Of the five families known.our have been shown to form a sequence-related superfamily. These are the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA-A).icotinic acetylcholine.lycine and the serotonin 5HT3 receptors. The ionotropic glutamate receptors () have a distinct primary structure.However.ll these receptors possess a pentameric structure (made up of varying subunits).urrounding a central pore. Each of these subunits contains a large extracellular N-terminal ligand-binding region; 3 hydrophobic transmembrane domains; a large intracellular region; and a fourth hydrophobic domain .This InterPro entry represents the GABA-A.icotinic.lycine.nd 5HT3 receptors.
  IPR006201:Neurotransmitter-gated ion-channel
InterPro domains unassigned to SynO:
Neurotransmitter ligand-gated ion channels are transmembrane receptor-ion channel complexes that open transiently upon binding of specific ligands.llowing rapid transmission of signals at chemical synapses .Of the five families known.our have been shown to form a sequence-related superfamily. These are the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA-A).icotinic acetylcholine.lycine and the serotonin 5HT3 receptors. The ionotropic glutamate receptors () have a distinct primary structure.However.ll these receptors possess a pentameric structure (made up of varying subunits).urrounding a central pore. Each of these subunits contains a large extracellular N-terminal ligand-binding region; 3 hydrophobic transmembrane domains; a large intracellular region; and a fourth hydrophobic domain .Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are ligand-gated ion channels that mediate signaltransduction at the post-synaptic membrane of cholinergic synapses.uch asthe neuromuscular junction . They belong to a family of neurotransmitter-gated receptors.ncluding glycine.amma-aminobutyric-acid (GABA).erotonin 5HT3 receptors. These are oligomeric transmembrane(TM) complexes (pentamers of 2 alpha and 1 beta. gamma and 1 deltasubunit) that contain a central channel.hich transiently opens upon binding of a specific neurotransmitters. Their sequences are related and share the same topology: each hasan extracellular.lycosylated N-terminal ligand-binding domain; 3 hydrophobic TM regions.hich form the channel; a hydrophilic cytoplasmicdomain; followed by a fourth putative TM region . The nicotinic receptor ligand binding domain is a specialized pocket of aromatic and hydrophobic residues formed at interfaces between protein subunits that changes conformation to convert agonist binding into gating of an intrinsic ion channel . The expression of acetylcholine receptors is activated during muscledifferentiation and upon denervation of adult muscle . Receptor functionis regulated by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation by kinases andphosphatases present in the post-synaptic membranes . Most of thephosphorylation sites are located in the major intracellular loop betweenthe third and fourth TM regions and are closely spaced.
  IPR002394:Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor
Neurotransmitter ligand-gated ion channels are transmembrane receptor-ion channel complexes that open transiently upon binding of specific ligands.llowing rapid transmission of signals at chemical synapses .Of the five families known.our have been shown to form a sequence-related superfamily. These are the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA-A).icotinic acetylcholine.lycine and the serotonin 5HT3 receptors. The ionotropic glutamate receptors () have a distinct primary structure.However.ll these receptors possess a pentameric structure (made up of varying subunits).urrounding a central pore. Each of these subunits contains a large extracellular N-terminal ligand-binding region; 3 hydrophobic transmembrane domains; a large intracellular region; and a fourth hydrophobic domain .This entry presents the extracellular ligand binding domain of these ion channels. This domain forms a pentameric arrangement in the known structure.
  IPR006202:Neurotransmitter-gated ion-channel ligand-binding
IPR006202:Neur_chan_LBD 
Evalue:-93.8239059448242 
Location:24-256IPR006029:Neur_chan_memb 
Evalue:-88.7958831787109 
Location:263-471
SequencesProtein: ACHA_HUMAN (482 aa)
mRNA: NM_000079
Local Annotation
Synapse Ontology
all
sdb:0004 Presynaptic compartment  (Evidence:keywords,domains)
Postsynaptic compartment is represented by a patch of plasma membrane containing a packed array of neurotransmitter receptors and by an underlying dense matrix, the postsynaptic density (PSD).
sdb:0005 Postsynaptic compartment  (Evidence:keywords,domains)
this kind of receptor usually locates at the postsynaptic plasma membranous region.
sdb:0109 ionotropic receptor  (Evidence:keywords,domains)
priming for exocytosis prepares the calcium-dependent release and may involve partial fusion process. The vesicles are primed and become responsive to calcium.
sdb:0120 priming  (Evidence:keywords,domains)
?
sdb:0305 binding to postsynaptic receptor and internization  (Evidence:keywords,domains)
?
sdb:0334 inhibitory postsynapstic component  (Evidence:keywords,domains)
KO assignmentK04803
  Level 3 annotation:
    cholinergic receptor, nicotinic, alpha polypeptide 1 (muscle)
  Level 2 annotation:
    Ion channels
Loci Structure (Details)Loci index, Chromosomal location, Length, Possible relational loci clusterExon1: 126 residues, 175320852-175321229Exon2: 82 residues, 175321553-175321793Exon3: 76 residues, 175322919-175323143Exon4: 81 residues, 175326476-175326714Exon5: 67 residues, 175327192-175327388Exon6: 38 residues, 175330539-175330649Exon7: 17 residues, 175332304-175332349Exon8: 50 residues, 175332461-175332607Exon9: 32 residues, 175337325-175337416Exon10: 2 residues, -Jump to ACHA_HUMAN  
Tune and view alternative isoforms
Loci Cluster (Details)Loci: 4480 175320852-175337416 ~-17K 21613(CHRNA1)(-)Loci: 4481 175372337-175578361 ~-206K 21615(CHN1)(-)Loci: 4482 175647253-175741143 ~-94K 21619(ATF2)(-)Loci: 4479 175132548-175255873 ~-123K 21610(WASPIP)(-)Link out to UCSC